Yerevan is the capital of Armenia, one of the oldest cities preserved (founded in 782 BC). In recent years favorable conditions for tourists have been created in Armenia. Many tourist infrastructure facilities have been built, many interesting tourist routes have been created, and both local tourist companies and world giants of this industry operate. Armenia has a huge potential in the field of tourism, more specifically in the areas of ecotourism, ski tourism, mountaineering and the like.
2. Tatev Monastery
Tatev monastery is a monastery of the Armenian Apostolic Church located in the southeast of Armenia, near the Tatev village of the ARIZ (region) Syunik, near the town of Goris, 280 km from Yerevan. Founded in the IX century. The political center of the Syunik Kingdom, since the IX century. The population of the monastery in the tenth century was about one thousand people.
3. Khor Virap
Khor Virap is one of the most visited monasteries in Armenia, located on the Armenian-Turkish border, not far from Mount Ararat. According to legend, the monastery is built on the site of a 13-year imprisonment in the cave of Gregory the Illuminator, who later became the first Catholicos of the Armenian Church. The monastery is located near Yerevan, in the marz (region) of Ararat. You can get there either by numerous sightseeing tours or by your own car along the Yerevan-Goris highway.
4. Temple of Garni
Temple of Garni – is a classical Hellenistic temple in Garda in Armenia. This is perhaps the most famous building and symbol of pre-Christian Armenia. Built, probably by King Trdat in the first century as the temple of the Sun God Mihra.
5. Lake Sevan
Lake Sevan is a freshwater lake in Armenia in the Caucasus. Lake Sevan is famous for its cultural monuments located on the coast and recreational resources: mineral springs, clean air, beautiful nature. On the shore of the lake, an artificial forest (pine, broad-leaved species and sea-buckthorn) grows. Of historical monuments, the famous is the monastery of Sevanavank, located on a peninsula near the town of Sevan in the northwestern part of the lake. At first the monastery was located on the island, but because of the lowering of the water level an isthmus was formed, connecting the island with the land. Another monastery is located on the western slope of Airavank. On the shore of the lake there is the village of Noraduz, famous for the largest khachkar cemetery, numbering about 900 khachkars from different eras and styles.
6. Zorats Karer
Zorats Karer is a prehistoric megalithic complex, located near the city of Sisian MARZ (region) Syunik, Armenia. The monument is located on a rocky promontory near the city of Sisian. About 223 large stone slabs were found in the area. GEROON claims that the monument was “a temple with a large and developed observatory, as well as a university.” He believes that the temple was dedicated to the Armenian god of the Sun Ari. He made an overview of the sights and claims that it is 7600-4500 years old.
7. Mount Aragats
Mount Aragats is an extinct volcano on the Armenian volcanic highlands in Armenia. The highest mountain in Armenia is 4095 m. Between the peaks there is a volcanic crater with a depth of 350 m and a width of 2.5 km. On the south-eastern slope is the Byurakan Observatory, on the northwest – Mantashka Reservoir. Gentle slopes covered with high-mountain meadows, pastures are used.
8. Shaki Waterfall
Shaki Waterfall is Armenia’s highest waterfall, 18 meters high. It is located in the marz (region) Syunik. One of the really inspiring monuments of Armenia, Shakinsky Falls is located 6 km north of the city of Sisian. On the left side of the gorge of the Vorotan River that flows down from the Syunik plateau 178 km to the infusion into the Araks, streams of basaltic lavas were strengthened in the form of a ledge of 18 meters, from which the waterfall cascades down, creates a spectacular view of the gorge and creates one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Armenia. The Shaki River – one of the modest tributaries of Vorotan, has a length of only 18 km. It forms a wonderful waterfall, admired by ancient people. With a height of 40 meters, huge volumes of water fill the air with fresh freshness, harmonizing with the untouched views of the Paleolithic caves.
9. Stepanavan Dendropark
Stepanavan Dendropark – a dendropark 12 km from the city of Stepanavan in the north of Armenia. The arboretum is located at an altitude of 1550 m above sea level. The park covers an area of 35 hectares, half of which is covered with natural forest, 15 hectares is under ornamental trees. Among these plants are magnolia, Siberian cedar, European larch, sequoia dendron to the like. In total there are more than 500 introduced species of plants in the park.
Tsitsernakaberd is a memorial complex in Yerevan dedicated to the victims of the Armenian Genocide of 1915. It is located on the hill of the same name. The last completed building of the complex was the museum of genocide, opened in 1995 at the other end of the park (architects Kalashyan and Mkrtchyan). The museum is almost entirely underground, consists of two floors with a total area of 2000 m2. The museum presents some photographs taken by German photographers (including Armin Wegner), as well as their publications. Not far from the museum is an alley where foreign statesmen plant trees in memory of the victims of the genocide.